There are many nutrients that are absolutely essential to maintain good health. Though it’s possible to get most of the nutrients from a balanced nutritious diet, our modern and convenient diet lacks several important nutrients. Let’s read on to know more about nutrients, their role and its deficiencies.
So, what are the nutrients?
Nutrients are components in the food that provide essential nourishment to the body for growth and maintenance of life. Nutrients are of two types, Macro and Micro nutrients.
Macro nutrients are carbohydrates, proteins, fats and water which we need in larger quantities unlike micro nutrients that we need them in small quantities. Micronutrients are vitamins and minerals that play a major role in keeping up our health.
What is a nutrient deficiency?
Nutrient deficiency is a result of body not getting required amounts of one or more nutrients for normal functioning. It is also called as ‘Malnutrition’. Generally body stores nutrients and deficiency surfaces when the stores are depleted.
Deficiency is the result of avoiding Nutritional foods(As shown in below image).
Who can get a nutrient deficiency?
Nutrient deficiencies can occur in any age group. Children, pregnant women and senior citizens are more vulnerable to deficiencies due to their varied demand compared to the adult group.But off late even the adult group is also prone to various nutrient deficiencies.
What causes nutrient deficiencies and how are they identified?
These can be identified when the doctor identifies the symptoms, through blood tests by doing a dietary assessment and sometimes through scanning.
Some common nutrient deficiencies are:
Our body needs iron to make a component called hemoglobin in combination with protein which is responsible for carrying oxygen to all tissues and muscles to function effectively. And deficiency leads to symptoms like:
Though it can it be corrected by adding foods rich in iron like nuts, dried fruits and green leafy vegetables in milder deficiencies, supplement intervention is important depending on the severity of the symptoms
Get the organic nuts, and herbal powder at our nutrition store NutraC
Vitamin B12, also called cyanocobalamin, is one of the eight B vitamins, which is commonly called as B-complex . Vitamin B-complex help the body to convert food (carbohydrates) into fuel (glucose), which is used to produce energy. B complex vitamins are needed for healthy skin, hair, eyes, liver and for the nervous system functioning
Vitamin B12 deficiency leads to
How to overcome vitamin B 12 deficiency?
This nutrient is majorly found in animal sources like milk, dairy products, eggs, fish and meat. Vegetarian sources are poor in these nutrients except for soy milk, and tofu. For vegetarians, it is ideal to get this nutrient supplement prescribed from your doctor in-case of deficiency.
You will be able to find the right health supplements at our nutrition store NutraC
Vitamin B9 (Folate)
Vitamin B9 is important as it helps the body to utilize amino acids which are the building blocks of proteins. It helps the body form blood cells in bone marrow and ensures rapid cell growth in infancy, adolescence, and pregnancy. This nutrient is extremely important and must be supplemented regularly when planning for a pregnancy. Vitamin B9 plays a crucial role in producing body’s genetic material.
Did you know that your body loses B9 when you sweat and urinate? And your body can’t store it, so you need this vitamin daily.
Vitamin B9 deficiency causes
How to overcome vitamin B 9 deficiency?
Find the best nutritionals supplements at our Nutraceutical stores in Hyderabad, NutraC.
More and more doctors are claiming that at least 90% of the urban population nationwide is vitamin D deficient. It is called as the sunshine vitamin, as it is produced by the body in response to skin being exposed to sunlight. It is mainly essential for strong bones, because it helps the body use calcium from the diet.
What happens in vitamin D deficiency?
How to overcome vitamin D deficiency?
Sun! Sun is the best source to get a dose of vitamin D. Sun exposure for an hour every day helps to get some amount of vitamin D daily.
Again, there are no vegetarian sources for vitamin D. Animal sources like egg yolk, cheese and fishes like salmon, mackerel, tuna and eel rich in vitamin D. There are many fortified food products with vitamin D available in the market like curd, milk, cereals and fruit juices. However, we best suggest checking with your Nutritionist before relying on these fortified foods since they may contain hidden sugar or fat. The best bet is to supplement. There are various leading health brands with pure vitamin D supplements in which NutraC is also one among them to find range of health supplements.
Calcium is an essential bulk mineral. It makes up bones and teeth and is essential for the transmission of information along the nerves and is used in the contraction of muscles. In most cases calcium and vitamin D deficiency are interlinked.
What happens during Calcium deficiency?
Calcium deficiencies include skeletal abnormalities, such as
How to overcome calcium deficiency?
Supplementation depends on severity of deficiency, age of the person and medical condition if any. It can also be absorbed from abundant sources like whole grains, lentils, green leafy vegetables, fruits, dairy products, eggs, meat and fish.
Strong relation between nutrient deficiencies and thyroid functioning.
Hypothyroidism is yet another growing lifestyle style disorder in the urban population. Improper thyroid functioning leads to nutrient deficiencies like iron, vitamin D, and vitamin B12. It is also important to know that this autoimmune disease, many a times is triggered by nutrient deficiencies.
Some tips to prevent deficiencies
Ashwini Sagar is a renowned diet and nutritional consultant. She has been in this field for more than a decade now. During all these years, she has developed brilliant expertise in this field and comes up with the best possible diet plans. She possesses the ability to communicate complex and sensitive information about dietary matters in an understandable form to individuals. She has a proven track record of successfully promoting healthy eating habits and suggesting diet modifications.
Ashwini specializes in lifestyle related disorders, pregnancy & post-natal related nutrition management, therapeutic diets and weight management.
Ashwini is available of nutrition consultations at NutraC on prior appointments.
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